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Performance Framework Specifications

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Version: 0.11
Date: May 23, 2013
Author: Valerie Smothers
Author email: vsmothers@jhmi.edu

 


Version History

 

Version No.

Date

Changed By

Changes Made

0.1

2013-05-08

 

Initial draft

0.11

2013-05-23

 

Changes BestScore to MostCompetent and WorstScore to LeastCompetent; Changed LevelScale to PerformanceScale and made required, added further documentation.


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1          Acknowledgements

The development of this specification is made possible as part of an accelerated standards development project funded by the Association of American Medical Colleges.

The MedBiquitous Consortium wishes to acknowledge the MedBiquitous Competencies Working Group members, invited experts, and other individuals that contributed to the creation of this document.

Co-chairs:

  • Rosalyn Scott , MD, Department of Veteran's Affairs
  • Tim Willett, MD, SIM-one

Members:

  • Susan Albright, Tufts University
  • Mary Pat Aust, American Association of Critical-Care Nurses
  • Dana Bostrom, Association of American Medical Colleges 
  • Terri Cameron, Association of American Medical Colleges
  • Mary Jo Clark, PhD, RN, American Association of Colleges of Nursing
  • Stephen Clyman, MD, National Board of Medical Examiners
  • Matthew Cownie, University of the West of England
  • Robert Englander, MD, Association of American Medical Colleges
  • Ted Hanss, University of Michigan
  • Sean Hilton, MB BS, St. George's University of London
  • Joshua Jacobs, MD, National University of Singapore
  • PJ Kania, Association of American Medical Colleges
  • David Kiger, Tufts University
  • JB McGee, MD, University of Pittsburgh
  • David Price, MD, American Board of Family Medicine
  • Isarin Sathitruangsak, Tufts University 
  • Lesley Southgate, M.D., St. George's University of London
  • Nabil Zary, PhD, Karolinska Institute

Invited Experts:

  • Connie Bowe, MD, Partners HealthCare International
  • Kelly Caverzagie, MD, University of Nebraska Medical Center
  • Allan Cumming, MD, University of Edinburgh
  • Rachel Ellaway, PhD, Northern Ontario School of Medicine
  • Simon Grant, JISC-CETIS
  • Linda Gwinn, Georgetown University
  • Robyn Herring, University of Mississippi
  • Kevin Krane, MD, Tulane University
  • Steven Lieberman, MD, University of Texas Medical Branch
  • Linda Lewin, MD, University of Maryland
  • Karen Macauley, DNP, PhD, University of San Diego Hahn School of Nursing and Health Science 
  • Chandler Mayfield, University of California, San Francisco
  • Daniel Rehak, PhD
  • Juliane Schneider, Harvard University
  • Eric Warm, MD, University of Cincinnati

Specification authors also received technical guidance from members of the MedBiquitous Technical Steering Committee.

  • Joel Farrell , IBM, Technical Steering Committee Chair
  • James Fiore, American Board of Surgery
  • Steve Kenney, American Osteopathic Association
  • Andrew Rabin, CECity
  • Dan Rehak, Learning Technologies Architect

 

 


2          Documentation Conventions

This document uses the following conventions:

Convention

Description

Bold Text

When used with an XML element name, indicates that the element contains sub-elements.

Italics

When used in an XML element description, an attribute of the XML element.

Monospaced type

Sample XML tags, code, schema, or portion thereof.

 

The document uses graphics generated by Altova XML Spy® software, which uses the following graphical conventions.

 

address-example_schemadiagram.png


3          Conformance

To conform to the MedBiquitous Performance Framework specification, an XML document shall:

 


4          Common Data Types

Most of the elements and attributes in MedBiquitous XML documents use the data types defined by the W3C XML schema definition. In some cases MedBiquitous creates its own datatypes as part of its best practices or to meet a specific requirement. Commonly used datatypes are described below.

Non-null string

Non-null string is a datatype derived from the XML string datatype.  Non-null string imposes a minimum length of one character on a string and ensures that required elements are complete.

 


5          Introduction

To be completed

 


6          Other Standards, Specifications, or Schemas Referenced

 

This standard references the following standards, specifications, or schemas. The informative references here, which describe how these references are used, link to formal references appearing later in this document.

 

  • DCMI Metadata terms [ DCMI ]
    The Performance Framework uses the DCMI references element to link to competencies, competency frameworks, and supporting information.

 

  • MedBiquitous Competency Framework [ Competency Framework ]
    Competency Framework provides a way of specifying the hierarchical and non-hierarchical relationships among a set of related competencies, learning objectives, learning outcomes, etc. The Performance framework may define performance for competencies in a competency framework.

 

  • MedBiquitous Competency Object [ Competency Object ]
    Competency Object provides a common format for representing competencies, learning objectives, learning outcomes, etc. The Performance framework may define performance for specific competencies.

 

  • Resource Description Framework [ RDF ]
     

 


7          Schema Grammar

The following sections explain the Performance Framework Schema grammar. Values in bold under XML Tags column indicate that the element has sub-elements.

All the elements having sub-elements will be defined in separate sections. All elements without sub-elements will be defined within the appropriate element sections that use them.

7.1        PerformanceFramework

PerformanceFramework is the root element. It contains subelements that describe one or more sets of performance levels to be used in assessing competence or performance.

performance_framework.png

PerformanceFramework Element Information

Element

Description

Required

Multiplicity

Datatype

PerformanceFramework

PerformanceFramework is the root element. It contains subelements that describe one or more sets of performance levels to be used in assessing competence or performance.

Required

1

Container

lom

Lom contains subelements that define title, publisher, and other descriptive information about this performance framework. 

The lom element is defined in the Healthcare Learning Object Metadata standard defined by MedBiquitous. Please see the Healthcare Learning Object Metadata Specifications and Description document for more information on the sub-elements of lom. For information on which subelements of lom are required or recommended for Performance Frameworks, see section Lom Required and Recommended Elements.

Required

1

Container

For more information, see  [ Healthcare LOM ] and [ LOM ].

EffectiveDate

The date this performance framework becomes or became effective.

Optional

0 or 1

Date

RetiredDate

The date upon which this performance framework was retired.

Optional

0 or 1

Date

Replaces

A related performance framework that is supplanted, displaced, or superseded by the described framework.

Implementers must use a URI to represent the related framework.

Replaces is based on the Dublin Core term replaces. For more information, see [ DCMITerms ].

Optional

0 or more

anyURI

IsReplacedBy

A related performance framework that supplants, displaces, or supersedes the described framework.

Implementers must use a URI to represent the related framework.

IsReplacedBy is based on the Dublin Core term isReplacedBy. For more information, see [ DCMITerms ].

Optional

0 or more

anyURI

SupportingInformation

SupportingInformation contains subelements that include or point to supporting information, such as descriptions of the rationale for developing the framework and its intended use. See section SupportingInformation for more information.

Optional

0 or more

Container

PerformanceScale

PerformanceScale contains subelements that define a numeric scale used in this performance framework. See section PerformanceScale for more information.

Required

1 or more

Container

Component

Component contains subelements that define a component of this performance framework. See section Component for more information.

Required

1 or more

Container

Elements from other namespaces

PerformanceFramework may include elements from other namespaces provided those elements are namespace qualified.

Optional

0 or more

any

 

Example:

To be written

7.2        Lom Required and recommended Elements

Lom contains subelements that define title, publisher, and other descriptive information about this performance framework. 

lom

The table that follows indicates which elements of healthcare lom are required or recommended for use in the Performance Framework. Note that additional lom elements may be used.


lom Element Usage Information

Element

Description

Required

Multiplicity

Datatype

lom

lom contains subelements that define title, publisher, and other descriptive information about this performance framework. 

For more information on these elements, see [ LOM ] and [ Healthcare LOM ].

Required

1

Container

For more information on lom and its subelements, see  [ Healthcare LOM ] and [ LOM ].

general

A container for general metadata elements.

Required

1

Container

general:identifier

A container for identifier information.

Required

1 or more

Container

general:identifier:catalog

The cataloging system for the unique identifier. For performance frameworks, the catalog must be URI.

Note that organizations may include a catalog other than URI for use within local systems as long as a URI identifier is present in the XML document.

Required

1

Restricted. See Description for details.

general:identifier:entry

Defines a unique identifier for the performance framework. For performance frameworks, identifiers must be in the form of a URI.

Note that organizations may include an entry other than a URI for use within local systems as long as a URI identifier is present in the XML document.

Required

1

anyURI

general:title

Defines the title for this performance framework in one or more languages.

Required

1

LanguageString

general: description

A short description of the performance framework.

Recommended

0 or more

LanguageString

lifecycle

A container for elements relating to the lifecycle of the framework.

Recommended

0 or 1

Container

lifecycle: status

A container for elements describing the status of the performance framework.

Recommended

0 or 1

Container

lifecycle: status: source

The source of the vocabulary for status.  Use LOMv1.0.

Recommended

0 or 1

Restricted See Description for details.

lifecycle: status: value

The status of the performance framework. Valid values are: draft, final, revised, unavailable.  Use of draft and final values is recommended.

Recommended

0 or 1

Restricted. See Description for details.

lifecycle: contribute

A container for elements the people and organizations that have contributed to the performance framework.

Recommended

0 or 1

Container

lifecycle: contribute: role

A container for elements describing the publisher and other entities involved in the development of this framework. Use the role and entity elements within the lifecycle element to indicate the publisher of the performance framework. Role should have a value of publisher and be paired with an entity describing the publisher.

Recommended

0 or more

Container

lifecycle: contribute: role:source

The source of the vocabulary for role.  When describing the publisher, use LOMv1.0.

Recommended

0 or 1

Restricted. See Description for details.

lifecycle: contribute: role: value

The role being described.  To describe the publisher, value should be publisher.

Recommended

0 or 1

Restricted. See Description for details.

lifecycle: contribute: entity

Use the role and entity elements within the lifecycle element to indicate the publisher of the performance framework.  Entity includes a vcard reference to the publisher and should be paired with a role that has a value of publisher.

Recommended

0 or more

CharacterString in VCARD format. See [ LOM ] for details.

educational

A container element for elements related to the educational aspects of the framework.

Recommended

0 or 1

Container

educational: context

 

A container for elements describing the educational environment for which the performance framework is intended.

Recommended

0 or more

Container

educational: context:source

The source of the vocabulary for educational context.  To use the MedBiquitous vocabulary, use HEALTHCARE_LOMv1.

Recommended

0 or 1

Restricted. See Description for details.

educational:context:value

The educational context for which the framework is intended. Use a term from the following MedBiquitous vocabulary (described in HealthcareLOM):

  • patient education
  • caregiver education
  • primary education
  • secondary education
  • vocational training
  • undergraduate education
  • undergraduate professional education
  • graduate professional education
  • continuing professional development

Recommended

0 or 1

Restricted. See Description for details.

rights

A container element for information on copyright and other restrictions.

Recommended

0 or 1

Container

rights: copyrightAndOtherRestrictions

 

A container for elements indicating whether or not copyright or other restrictions exist on the competency framework.

Recommended

0 or 1

Container

rights: copyrightAndOtherRestrictions:source

The source of the vocabulary used to describe copyright and other restrictions. To use the lom vocabulary, use LOMv1.0.

Recommended

0 or 1

Restricted. See Description for details.

rights: copyrightAndOtherRestrictions:value

Indicates whether or not copyright and other restrictions exist. Valid values are yes and no.

Recommended

0 or 1

Restricted. See Description for details.

rights: description

 

The description element within rights provides a brief description of the copyright or other constraints on the performance framework. The description may include a link to a license.

Recommended

0 or 1

LanguageString

healthcareMetadata

A container element for healthcare related metadata.

Recommended

0 or 1

Container

healthcareMetadata:healthcareEducation

A container element for healthcare education related metadata.

Recommended

0 or 1

Container

healthcareMetadata:healthcareEducation targetAudience

A container element for information  about the target audience for whom this framework is intended.

Recommended

0 or 1

Container

healthcareMetadata: healthcareEducation:targetAudience: profession

 

The health profession for which this performance framework is intended.

Recommended

0 or 1

LanguageString

 

 


7.3        SupportingInformation

SupportingInformation contains subelements that include or point to supporting information, such as descriptions of the rationale for developing the framework and its intended use.

supportinginformation.png

Element

Description

Required

Multiplicity

Datatype

SupportingInformation

SupportingInformation contains subelements that include or point to supporting information, such as descriptions of the rationale for developing the framework and its intended use. See section SupportingInformation for more information.

Optional

0 or more

Container

dcterms:references

A reference to the supporting information.

The performance framework adds the following attributes to dcterms:references.

TO BE DEFINED

 

Either dcterms:references or xhtml:div is required

0 or 1

anyType

For the performance framework, the dcterms:reference element should be empty.

xhtml:div

A div element is a mixed type element referenced from XHTML. The div element can include a mix of text and XHTML tags as specified by the XHTML schema.

Either dcterms:references or xhtml:div is required

0 or 1

Container

For more information, see [ XHTML ].

 

Example:

7.4        PerformanceScale

PerformanceScale contains subelements that define a numeric scale used in this performance framework.

performancescale.png

PerformanceScale Element Information

Element

Description

Required

Multiplicity

Datatype

PerformanceScale

PerformanceScale contains subelements that define a numeric scale used in this performance framework.

PerformanceScale has the following attribute:

id
a unique identifier for this performance scale. The identifier must be unique within the scope of this report. Use of the id attribute is required.

Required

 

1 or more

Container

LeastCompetent

The score indicating the lowest level of competence on this scale.

Required

1

Int

(integer)

MostCompetent

The score indicating the highest level of competence on this scale.

Required

1

Int

(integer)

 

Example:

7.5        Component

Component contains subelements that define a component of this performance framework. A component may have nested components defined. Each component describes a spectrum of performance levels and related background or descriptive information.

component.png

Component Element Information

Element

Description

Required

Multiplicity

Datatype

Component

Component contains subelements that define a component of this performance framework.

Component has the following attribute:

id
a unique identifier for this component. The identifier must be unique within the scope of this report. Use of the id attribute is required.

Required

1 or more

Container

Title

The title of this component. Often the title mirrors the title of the competency for which the performance levels are detailed.

Required

1

NonNullString

Abbreviation

An abbreviation for the component.

Optional

0 or 1

NonNullString

Competency

Competency contains subelements that reference a competency in a competency framework. See section Competency for more information.

Optional

0 or more

Container

Author

An author of this component of the performance framework.

Optional

0 or more

NonNullString

Reviewer

A reviewer of this component of the performance framework.

Optional

0 or more

NonNullString

Background

Background contains subelements that provide background information on this component. See section Background for more information.

Optional

0 or 1

Container

Resources

Resources contains subelements that describe suggested resources related to this component. See section Resources for more information.

Optional

0 or 1

Container

References

References contains subelements that describe reference to the literature. See section References for more information.

Optional

0 or 1

Container

ComponentReference

The ID of a nested Component.

Add order attribute ?

Either ComponentReference or PerformanceLevelSet is required.

0 or more

IDREF

PerformanceLevelSet

PerformanceLevelSet contains subelements that define a spectrum of performance levels. See section PerformanceLevelSet for more information.

Either ComponentReference or PerformanceLevelSet is required

0 or 1

Container

 

Example:

Tbd

 

7.5.1         Competency

Competency contains subelements that reference a competency in a competency framework. (Discuss further with TSC)

7.5.2         Background

 

background.png

Background contains subelements that provide background information on this component.

Background Element Information

Element

Description

Required

Multiplicity

Datatype

Background

Background contains subelements that provide background information on this component.

Optional

0 or 1

Container

Description

Background information represented as text.

Required

1

NonNullString

xhtml:div

A div element is a mixed type element referenced from XHTML. The div element can include a mix of text and XHTML tags as specified by the XHTML schema.

Optional

0 or 1

Container

For more information, see [ XHTML ].

 

7.5.3         Resources

 

resources.png

Resources Element Information

Element

Description

Required

Multiplicity

Datatype

Resources

Resources contains subelements that describe suggested resources related to this component.

Optional

0 or 1

Container

Resource

Resource contains subelements that provide a citation or link related to this component. Resources may be educational tools, assessment instruments, etc. See section Resource for more information.

Required

1 or more

Container

 

Example:

TBD

 

7.5.3.1        Resource

Resource  contains subelements that provide a citation or link to a resource associated with this component.

WAIT – Align with approach used for competency links, check with TSC

Resource Element Information

Element

Description

Required

Multiplicity

Datatype

Resource

 

 

 

 

Citation

 

 

 

 

TBD

 

 

 

 

 

7.5.4         References

References contains subelements that describe reference to the literature related to this component.

references.png

References Element Information

Element

Description

Required

Multiplicity

Datatype

References

References contains subelements that describe reference to the literature related to this component.

Optional

0 or 1

Container

Reference

(Should this also be dcmi? will that support an order attribute?)

 

 

 

 

 


7.5.5         PerformanceLevelSet

PerformanceLevelSet contains subelements that define a spectrum of performance levels.  A performance level set may be defined to describe the spectrum of performance for a specific competency, or a performance level set may be defined to be generally applied across competencies.

performancelevelset.png

PerformanceLevelSet Element Information

Element

Description

Required

Multiplicity

Datatype

PerformanceLevelSet

PerformanceLevelSet contains subelements that define a spectrum of performance levels. 

Either a ComponentReference or a PerformanceLevelSet is required.

0 or 1

Container

PerformanceScaleReference

The identifier of a PerformanceScale defined in this document. The PerformanceScaleReference indicates the scale used for this performance level set.

Required

1

IDREF

PerformanceLevel

Performancelevel contains subelements that describe a single level of performance within this performance level set. See section PerformanceLevel for more information.

Required

2 or more

Container

 

Example:

TBD

 


7.5.5.1        PerformanceLevel

The subelements of PerformanceLevel define a single level of performance in detail.  There are multiple performance levels in a set. Together, they create a scale of performance with behavioral measures.

performancelevel.png

 

PerformanceLevel Element Information

Element

Description

Required

Multiplicity

Datatype

PerformanceLevel

Performancelevel contains subelements that describe a single level of performance within this performance level set.

Required

2 or more

Container

DisplayOrder

A positive integer indicating the order of display for this performance level in relation to other performance levels in the performance level set.

Required

1

int

ScoreValue

An integer indicating the score associated with this performance level.

Required

1

int

Label

A label associated with this performance level. For example, Aspirational.

Optional

0 or 1

NonNullString

Criterion

Criterion contains subelements that describe criterion or behavioral markers associated with this performance level.

Required

1 or more

Container

Background

Background contains subelements that provide further information about the criterion. See section Background for more information.

Optional

0 or 1

Container

Note

A footnote, endnote, or annotation related to this criterion.

Optional

0 or 1

NonNullString

 

Example:

TBD

 

7.5.5.2        Criterion

Criterion contains subelements that describe criterion or behavioral markers associated with this performance level.

criterion.png

Element

Description

Required

Multiplicity

Datatype

Criterion

Criterion contains subelements that describe criterion or behavioral markers associated with this performance level.

Criterion has the following attribute:

id
A unique identifier for this criterion. The identifier must be unique within the scope of this report. Use of the id attribute is required.

Required

1 or more

Container

Description

A description of the criterion or behavioral marker associated with this performance level.

Required

1

NonNullString

Background

Background contains subelements that provide further information about the criterion. See section Background for more information.

Optional

0 or 1

Container

Note

A footnote, endnote, or annotation related to this criterion.

(Should we replace Background and Note with Supporting Information?)

Optional

0 or 1

NonNullString

 

Example:

TBD

 


8          Sample XML Document

 

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>

< CompetencyFramework xmlns =" http://ns.medbiq.org/competencyframework/v1/ " xmlns:lom =" http://ltsc.ieee.org/xsd/LOM " xmlns:xsi =" http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance " xsi:schemaLocation =" http://ns.medbiq.org/competencyframework/v1/ file:///I:/Valerie&apos;s%20stuff/Xml/competency_framework/competencyframework.xsd ">

< lom:lom />

< Relation >

< CompetencyReference1 >

< Catalog > URI </ Catalog >

< Entry > http://www.example.org/12345 </ Entry >

</ CompetencyReference1 >

< Relationship > broader than </ Relationship >

< CompetencyReference2 >

< Catalog > URI </ Catalog >

< Entry > http://www.example.org/23456 </ Entry >

</ CompetencyReference2 >

</ Relation >

</ CompetencyFramework >

 

 


9          References (Create bookmarks and link)

 

Competency Framework
ANSI/MEDBIQ CF.10.1-2012, Competency Framework. MedBiquitous Website. http://medbiq.org/std_specs/standards/index.html#Competencies . Accessed May 20, 2013.

Competency Object
MedBiquitous Competency Object Specifications and description Document. MedBiquitous Website. http://www.medbiq.org/sites/default/files/CompetencyObjectSpecification.pdf . Accessed June 16, 2011.

DCMI
DCMI Metadata Terms, October 11, 2010. Dublin Core Metadata Initiative Website. http://dublincore.org/documents/2010/10/11/dcmi-terms/ . Accessed May 9, 2013.

Healthcare LOM
ANSI/MEDBIQ LO.10.1-2008, Healthcare Learning Object Metadata, MedBiquitous Website. http://www.medbiq.org/std_specs/standards/index.html#HCLOM . Accessed May 9, 2013.

LOM
"IEEE Standard for Learning Technology-Extensible Markup Language (XML) Schema Definition Language Binding for Learning Object Metadata," IEEE Std 1484.12.3-2005 , vol., no., pp.0_1-46, 2005
doi: 10.1109/IEEESTD.2005.97889
URL:   http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/stamp/stamp.jsp?tp=&arnumber=1532505&isnumber=32693

RDF
RDF Vocabulary Description Language 1.0: RDF Schema. W3C Recommendation 10 February 2004. W3C website. http://www.w3.org/TR/rdf-schema/ . Accessed May 9, 2013.

XHTML
XHTML™ 1.0 The Extensible HyperText Markup Language (Second Edition), A Reformulation of HTML 4 in XML 1. 0. W3C Recommendation 26 January 2000, revised 1 August 2002.  W3C website. http://www.w3.org/TR/2002/REC-xhtml1-20020801 . Accessed September 6, 2011.

XSD
Extensible Markup Language (XML) 1.0 (Fifth Edition) , W3C Website.  26 November 2008 http://www.w3.org/TR/2008/REC-xml-20081126/ . Accessed March 20, 2012.