The table below summarizes the various potential elements of a Competency Object, as well as the number of reviewed outcome frameworks and survey respondents that include each component.
We define a Competency Object as an umbrella term used by the CWG to describe ANY abstract statement of learning or performance expectations, and information related to the statement. Statements include, but are not limited to, learning outcomes, competencies per se, learning objectives, professional roles, etc. The Competency Object may include additional data to expand on or support the statement. The object is abstract in the sense that it does not inherently contain information about applications of the statement to individuals or events or other objects.
% of organizations surveyed that recommended inclusion of this element (n=23)
% of reviewed frameworks that include element (n=11)
Proposed status for our specification
A unique identifier for the competency
Required alphanumeric. One only.
Typically one sentence to state the competency/outcome
Required open-ended text. One only.
Indicated the type of statement (outcome, objective, competency, etc.)
Required, controlled list. One only.
See Types of Objects
A more detailed explanation of the statement
Optional, open-ended text. Multiple allowed.
List of acceptable or recommended methods by which to assess the statement
(1) No standard taxonomy exists so this would have to be open-ended. (2) Decided this is best published in an accompanying guide, not in the spec itself. (3) Assessment data to be described in the Competence Evidence spec.
Specific behaviour(s) to be exhibited as evidence of competence
Assessment and criteria are complex notions that might be best expressed in a parallel spec or document, not in the competency object itself. May be considered in Competence Evidence spec.
Define different levels of achievement (beginner, advanced, etc.)
(1) Does not seem to be a present need; (2) Can be represented as sub-competencies; (3) May be considered in Competence Evidence spec.
Degree of competence or standard to be met
Describes the various degrees to which one can be competent (e.g. not/partially/fully competent)
(1) How is this different than performance criteria or level? (2) May be considered in Competence Evidence spec.
Conditions for Performance / Context
Context/environment in which performance should be exhibited
(1) How is this related to Performance Criteria and levels? (2) A competency in a different context can be represented as a different competency. (3) May be considered in Competence Evidence spec.
Patient outcome or system efficiency data that indicate competence
(1) Does not seem to be a present need; (2) May be considered in Competence Evidence spec.
Expressing each competency and associated data in multiple languages
Optional. Minimum one language required.
References to supporting literature or other data
Optional. Contains hyperlink. Multiple allowed.